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Low-power equalizer architectures for high speed modems

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2 Author(s)
Azadet, K. ; Lucent Technol., AT&T Bell Labs., USA ; Nicole, C.J.

In many DSP-based high-speed modem applications, such as broadband modems for high-speed Internet access to the home or gigabit Ethernet transceivers, channel equalization requires processing power so high that power consumption and clock speed become major design challenges. This article describes techniques to implement low-cost adaptive equalizers for ASIC implementations of broadband modems. Power consumption can be reduced using a careful selection of architectural, algorithmic, and VLSI circuit techniques. The derivation of a hybrid FIR filter structure is given that enables the designer to adjust both the speed and power consumption to suit an application. Furthermore, the architecture can be made programmable to target multiple applications in one piece of silicon while maintaining or even improving the efficiency of the architecture. Run-time techniques are shown that can minimize the power consumption for a given application or operating environment. In all cases, the power reduction techniques are supported by simulations and measurements made on a test integrated circuit

Published in:

Communications Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 10 )