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Gain saturation in traveling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers

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3 Author(s)
In Kim ; Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Electrophys., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; K. Uppal ; P. D. Dapkus

The gain saturation behavior of semiconductor traveling-wave optical amplifiers has been analyzed using a model that includes the specific dependence of gain on carrier concentration. Under the condition of a specific gain at a particular current, it is found that the saturation power strongly depends on the choice between quantum well (QW) or bulk amplifying medium but weakly on the detailed design of the device such as the number of QW's or the thickness of the bulk layer. The higher saturation power of the QW-based amplifier is caused by its logarithmic gain-current relation rather than its low optical confinement factor. Also, when the unsaturated device gain is specified, the designed saturation power can be obtained with the lowest drive current by using the highest optical confinement

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 10 )