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A new technique for noise filtering of SAR interferometric phase images

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5 Author(s)
Jong-Sen Lee ; Div. of Remote Sensing, Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; Papathanassiou, K.P. ; Ainsworth, T.L. ; Grunes, M.R.
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This paper addresses the noise filtering problem for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometric phase images. The phase noise is characterized by an additive noise model. The model is verified with an L-band shuttle imaging radar (SIR)-C interferogram. An adaptive filtering algorithm based on this noise model is developed. It emphasizes filtering noise adaptively according to the local noise level and filtering along fringes using directionally dependent windows. This algorithm is effective, especially for the tightly packed fringes of X-band interferometry. Using simulated and SIR-C/X-SAR repeat-pass generated interferograms, the effectiveness of this filter is demonstrated by its capabilities in residue reduction, adaptive noise filtering, and its ability to filter areas with high fringe rates. In addition, a scheme of incorporating this filtering algorithm in iterative phase unwrapping using a least-squares method is proposed

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 5 )