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Laboratory measurements of sea ice: connections to microwave remote sensing

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10 Author(s)
Kwok, R. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Nghiem, S.V. ; Martin, S. ; Winebrenner, D.P.
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The connections between laboratory measurements and remote-sensing observations of sea ice are explored. The focus of this paper is on thin ice, which is more easily simulated in a laboratory environment. The authors summarize results of C-band scatterometer measurements and discuss how they may help in the interpretation of remote-sensing data. They compare the measurements with observations of thin ice from ERS and airborne radar data sets. They suggest that laboratory backscatter signatures should serve as bounds on the interpretation of remote-sensing data. They examine these bounds from the perspective of thin ice signatures, the effect of temperature, and surface processes, such as frost flowers and slush on these signatures. Controlled experiments also suggest new directions in remote-sensing measurements. The potential of polarimetric radar measurements in the retrieval of thickness of thin ice is discussed. In addition to the radar results, the authors discuss the importance of low-frequency passive measurements with respect to the thickness of thin ice

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1998

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