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Radiation due to a convex curvature discontinuity of a dielectric-coated perfect conductor

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2 Author(s)
D. H. Montreith ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA, USA ; R. G. Olsen

Surface waves radiate energy at discontinuities in the curvature of the guiding structure. By reciprocity, surface waves will be excited by plane waves incident upon such a discontinuity. Here, the problem of the radiation of a surface wave on a flat dielectric-coated perfect conductor incident upon an abrupt change to a dielectric-coated cylindrical conductor with a large radius of curvature is considered. The problem is formulated as an integral equation over the aperture of the discontinuity. Since the change in curvature is modest, an approximate perturbation solution to the integral equation is derived and the radiated field due to the discontinuity is found. This radiated field reduces to published results for an impedance surface approximation when that approximation is valid. The problem of mode conversion and associated radiation near higher mode cutoffs is also studied. It is found that near mode cutoffs, the higher order mode dominates the radiation pattern and causes the overall radiation pattern due to the discontinuity in curvature to be narrow and end fire. Away from cutoff, when all of the propagating bound modes are more tightly bound to the surface, the radiation pattern is less narrow and less end fire. For very tightly bound modes the pattern is nearly uniform. For dielectrics characterized by small permitivities, the changes in radiation pattern should be measurable

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 8 )