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Covariance matrix estimation errors and diagonal loading in adaptive arrays

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1 Author(s)
Carlson, B.D. ; MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA

Simulations were used to investigate the effect of covariance matrix sample size on the system performance of adaptive arrays using the sample matrix inversion (SMI) algorithm. Inadequate estimation of the covariance matrix results in adapted antenna patterns with high sidelobes and distorted mainbeams. A technique to reduce these effects by modifying the covariance matrix estimate is described from the point of view of eigenvector decomposition. This diagonal loading technique reduces the system nulling capability against low-level interference, but parametric studies show that it is an effective approach in many situations

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 4 )