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Block sequential least squares decision feedback equalization algorithm with application to terrestrial HDTV transmission

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3 Author(s)
Chun-ming Zhao ; Nat. Mobile Commun. Res. Lab., Southeast Univ., Nanjing, China ; Xiao-Yu Hu ; Xiao-Hu Yu

Due to the very high symbol rate of terrestrial HDTV systems, up to now there exist no equalization solutions with sufficiently low hardware complexity and satisfactory performance for commercial applications. We present a block sequential least squares decision feedback equalization algorithm with application to over-the-air HDTV channels. The proposed adaptive algorithm is derived on the basis of minimization of the least squares criterion, thereby achieving faster convergent and tracking rate relative to the recommended LMS algorithm. Meanwhile, good numerical stability is guaranteed because it successfully eliminates time updates of the filtering coefficients, which is the main cause of instability of FTF-like algorithms. Also of great significance is its drastic reduction in computational complexity by means of block operation, taking advantage of the slowly time-varying nature of terrestrial broadcasting channels. Simulation results show that the equalizer achieves an almost 3.5 dB SNR improvement at a bit error rate of 3×10-6 without significant increase in computational complexity, as compared to the conventional LMS decision feedback equalizer (DFE) when applied to the equalization of over-the-air HDTV channels

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Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 3 )