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Two new measuring algorithms for generator and transformer relaying

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2 Author(s)
Kasztenny, B. ; Tech. Univ. Wroclaw, Poland ; Rosolowski, E.

This paper presents new digital measuring algorithms for generator and transformer protection. Two methods are proposed to make the estimation of amplitudes of the fundamental frequency component and the higher harmonics immune to frequency deviations. The first method is based on the software re-sampling of the physical data window and on the simultaneous iterative estimation of the frequency. The second algorithm employs the amplitude estimator having unique frequency response in the entire frequency spectrum and enables direct compensation for the frequency deviations. Also a new Volts/Hertz inverse-time algorithm is proposed which does not call for the direct measure of frequency. It relies on the second method and uses the amplitude estimator having the gain close to the inverse of the frequency; therefore, it acts as a direct amplitude-to-frequency estimator. The proposed algorithms were analyzed analytically and tested using EMTP simulations

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )