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A DCT-based embedded image coder using wavelet structure of DCT for very low bit rate video codec

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2 Author(s)
Yeong-An Jeong ; DSP Group, LG Corp. Inst. of Technol., Seoul, South Korea ; Cha-Keon Cheong

This paper presents an efficient DCT-based embedded image coder designed for I(intra)-frame coding in a very low bit rate video codec. Motivated by the recognition that a DCT (discrete cosine transform) on N×N blocks of an image can be viewed as a wavelet decomposition with a uniform N×N-subband decomposition, the proposed coder rearranges the DCT transformed image into a 2-level wavelet pyramid structure and makes use of improved embedded zerotree coding. The proposed rearrangement structure is quite well coupled with a embedded zerotree coding. The resulting DCT-based embedded image coder shows a better rate-distortion performance than conventional H.263 and MPEG4 as well as EZW-style coders. Also, the performance of the proposed new coder is comparable to that of state-of-art still image compression methods. In addition, the embedded feature of the proposed coder makes it possible to encode the I-frame at the exactly chosen bit rate

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Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 3 )