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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness of the authors' novel dynamic range compression (DRC) for chest radiographs. The purpose of DRC is to compress the gray scale range of the image when using narrow dynamic range viewing systems such as monitors. First, an automated segmentation method was used to detect the lung region. The combined region of mediastinum, heart, and subdiaphragm was defined based on the lung region. The correlated distributions, between a pixel value and its neighboring averaged pixel value, for the lung region and the combined region were calculated. According to the appearance of overlapping of two distributions, the warping function was decided. After pixel values were warped, the pixel value range of the lung region was compressed while preserving the detail information, because the warping function compressed the range of the averaged pixel values while preserving the pixel value range for the pixels which had had the same averaged pixel value. The performance was evaluated with the authors' criterion function which was the contrast divided by the moment, where the contrast and the moment represent the sum of the differences between the pixel values and the averaged values of eight pixels surrounding that pixel, and the sum of the differences between the pixel values and the averaged value of all pixels in the region-of-interest, respectively. For 71 screening chest images from Johns Hopkins University Hospital (Baltimore, MD), this method improved our criterion function at 11.7% on average. The warping transformation algorithm based on the correlated distribution was effective in compressing the dynamic range while simultaneously preserving the detail information.