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Coupled B-snake grids and constrained thin-plate splines for analysis of 2-D tissue deformations from tagged MRI

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5 Author(s)
Amini, A.A. ; CVIA Lab., Washington Univ. Sch. of Med., St. Louis, MO, USA ; Yasheng Chen ; Curwen, R.W. ; Mani, V.
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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is unique in its ability to noninvasively and selectively alter tissue magnetization and create tagged patterns within a deforming body such as the heart muscle. The resulting patterns define a time-varying curvilinear coordinate system on the tissue, which the authors track with coupled B-snake grids. B-spline bases provide local control of shape, compact representation, and parametric continuity. Efficient spline warps are proposed which warp an area in the plane such that two embedded snake grids obtained from two tagged frames are brought into registration, interpolating a dense displacement vector field. The reconstructed vector field adheres to the known displacement information at the intersections, forces corresponding snakes to be warped into one another, and for all other points in the plane, where no information is available, a C 1 continuous vector field is interpolated. The implementation proposed in this paper improves on the authors' previous variational-based implementation and generalizes warp methods to include biologically relevant contiguous open curves, in addition to standard landmark points. The methods are validated with a cardiac motion simulator, in addition to in-vivo tagging data sets.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )