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Illumination-invariant color object recognition via compressed chromaticity histograms of color-channel-normalized images

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3 Author(s)
Drew, M.S. ; Sch. of Comput. Sci., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada ; Jie Wei ; Ze-Nian Li

Several color object recognition methods that are based on image retrieval algorithms attempt to discount changes of illumination in order to increase performance when test image illumination conditions differ from those that obtained when the image database was created. Here we extend the seminal method of Swain and Ballard to discount changing illumination. The new method is based on the first stage of the simplest color indexing method, which uses angular invariants between color image and edge image channels. That method first normalizes image channels, and then effectively discards much of the remaining information. Here we adopt the color-normalization stage as an adequate color constancy step. Further, we replace 3D color histograms by 2D chromaticity histograms. Treating these as images, we implement the method in a compressed histogram-image domain using a combination of wavelet compression and Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) to fully exploit the technique of low-pass filtering for efficiency. Results are very encouraging, with substantially better performance than other methods tested. The method is also fast, in that the indexing process is entirely carried out in the compressed domain and uses a feature vector of only 36 or 72 values

Published in:

Computer Vision, 1998. Sixth International Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-7 Jan 1998