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Experiments were performed in a tissue microwave-equivalent phantom gel to quantitatively examine the volumetric heating produced by a microwave antenna with a peripheral cooling system for the transurethral prostatic thermotherapy. Based on previous research, expression for the specific absorption rate (SAR) of microwave energy in the gel was extended to three dimensions, which includes its dependence on radial, angular, and axial direction. A theoretical heat transfer model was developed to study the temperature distribution in the gel by introducing this proposed SAR expression. The parameters in this expression and the convection coefficient due to the chilled water running around the antenna were determined using a least-square residual fit of the theoretical temperature predictions to the experimentally measured steady-state temperature field within the gel. The analytical expression of the three-dimensional SAR distribution obtained in this study will help provide a better understanding of the microwave heating pattern in the prostatic tissue and, thus, to aid in designing improved applicators. It can also be used in the future as an accurate input to heat transfer models which predict temperature distributions during the transurethral microwave thermotherapy.