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Gyrotron coaxial cylindrical resonators with corrugated inner conductor: Theory and experiment

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3 Author(s)
Barroso, J.J. ; Lab. of Plasma, Nat. Inst. for Space Res., Sao Paulo, Brazil ; Correa, R.A. ; Jose de Castro, P.

Gyrotron coaxial resonators with a longitudinally slotted inner cylinder are examined analytically using a surface impedance model, from which expressions for the electromagnetic field, ohmic quality (Q) factor, and characteristic equation of the transverse eigenvalues χ m,p are obtained. The major attributes of such resonators are expressed by the dependence of χm,p on the parameter C-defined as the ratio of the outer to inner radii of the coaxial structure. In that connection, the effect of the corrugation parameters on χm,p is particularly investigated on the basis of an expression derived for the slope function dχm,p,p/dC. It is shown that the χm,p(C) curve may either exhibit oscillatory behavior or present a flat portion over a wide range of C depending on the corrugation parameters chosen. The theory is checked against experiment in which resonant frequencies and total Q factors were measured for TE modes operating in the range of 8-16 GHz in a coaxial cavity with 40 slots. Good agreement is found in that the magnitude of the relative error in frequency is less than 0.5%. Corrugated coaxial resonators prove to be relevant to megawatt gyrotrons where highly selective cavities are required to ensure high conversion efficiency

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 9 )