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Integer modelling of spinning reserve requirements in short term scheduling of hydro systems

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3 Author(s)
Nilsson, O. ; Dept. of Electr. Power Eng., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden ; Soder, L. ; Sjelvgren, D.

In short-term power system scheduling, reserve margins are kept in order to maintain the security of the system if a nonforecasted event occurs. The security is maintained by re-dispatch of the generators in the system. During the first seconds of the disturbance, it is only possible to re-dispatch the online units. The maximal increase of the generation during these first seconds of the disturbance is called the spinning reserve. In hydro-dominated power systems, the spinning reserve is kept in the hydro system, since hydro units are easy to re-dispatch. For an online hydro unit, the spinning reserve is the marginal between maximum generation and the actual generation. If a hydro plant has several units, only the online units will contribute to the spinning reserve. This means that one needs to introduce integer variables to model the spinning reserve contribution from a hydro plant with several units. In the literature, there are several examples of integer models for representation of the generation of hydro plants. The contribution of this paper is that it incorporates the integer representation of the spinning reserve into an integer model of generation scheduling. To this model, the authors apply variable splitting and Lagrange relaxation to decompose the problem into one subproblem for the hydrological constraints and one subproblem for each hydro plant. In order to find feasible solutions, they use a combination of network programming and heuristic search. The dual problem constructed by the decomposition is solved by a subgradient method. In the paper, they apply the proposed method to a numerical example

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Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 3 )