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Single atom optical bistability

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2 Author(s)
Savage, C.M. ; Opt. Sci. Center, Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA ; Carmichael, H.J.

Absorptive optical bistability is shown to exist for a single two-level atom inside a resonant optical cavity. Solutions for the quantum-mechanical density operator are obtained numerically for a parameter regime at the interface between the quantum limit, in which quantum-mechanical noise invalidates the semiclassical prediction of bistability, and the classical limit, in which quantum noise is a negligible perturbation on semiclassical results. Bimodal photon number distributions and Q functions are obtained, and two-state transition rates are calculated.<>

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 8 )