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Bottom-up construction of ontologies

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2 Author(s)
van der Vet, P.E. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Twente Univ., Enschede, Netherlands ; Mars, N.J.I.

Presents a particular way of building ontologies that proceeds in a bottom-up fashion. Concepts are defined in a way that mirrors the way their instances are composed out of smaller objects. The smaller objects themselves may also be modeled as being composed. Bottom-up ontologies are flexible through the use of implicit and, hence, parsimonious part-whole and subconcept-superconcept relations. The bottom-up method complements current practice, where, as a rule, ontologies are built top-down. The design method is illustrated by an example involving ontologies of pure substances at several levels of detail. It is not claimed that bottom-up construction is a generally valid recipe; indeed, such recipes are deemed uninformative or impossible. Rather, the approach is intended to enrich the ontology developer's toolkit

Published in:

Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 4 )