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The mutual coupling and diffraction effects on the performance of a CMA adaptive array

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3 Author(s)
Hao Yuan ; Kyocera DDI Inst. of Future Telecommun. Inc., Tokyo, Japan ; Hirasawa, K. ; Yimin Zhang

The performance of the constant modulus algorithm (CMA) with the steepest descent method used in an adaptive array of monopole antennas mounted on a rectangular conducting plate was investigated. The mutual coupling (MC) effect among the array elements and the diffraction effect caused by the conducting plate were taken into account in the calculation by a hybrid method of moment method (MM) and geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD). Simulations showed that the CMA adaptive array performs differently when the MC and the diffraction effects are taken into account. In some cases, the speed of convergence is slower with MC, and in other cases it is faster. Also, in multipath scenarios the array sometimes converges on a weaker delayed ray rather than the direct ray when MC is included. The capture property is explained by the fact that the CMA algorithm is sensitive to initial conditions and the initial array pattern is directional due to MC-not omnidirectional as in the ideal case. The performance of the array on a finite ground plane is different from that on an infinite ground plane due to diffraction effects

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 3 )