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Experimental studies of spatial signature variation at 900 MHz for smart antenna systems

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4 Author(s)
Shiann-Shiun Jeng ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; G. Xu ; Hsin-Piao Lin ; W. J. Vogel

A spatial signature is the response vector of a base-station antenna array to a mobile unit at a certain location. Mobile subscribers at different locations exhibit different spatial signatures. The exploitation of spatial diversity (or the difference of spatial signatures) is the basic idea behind the so-called space-division multiple-access (SDMA) scheme, which can be used to significantly increase the channel capacity and quality of a wireless communication system. Although SDMA schemes have been studied by a number of researchers, most of these studies are based on theoretical analyses and computer simulations with ideal assumptions. Not much experimental study, has been reported on spatial signature variation due to nonideal perturbations in a real wireless communication environment. The purpose of this paper is to present, for the first time, extensive experimental results of spatial signature variation using a smart antenna testbed. The results presented include the spatial signature variation with time, frequency, small displacement, multipath angle spread and beamforming performance. The experimental results show the rich spatial diversity and potential benefits of using an antenna array for wireless communication applications

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 7 )