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Characterization of various stress-induced oxide traps in MOSFET's by using a subthreshold transient current technique

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5 Author(s)
Tahui Wang ; Inst. of Electron., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Lu-Ping Chiang ; Nian-Kai Zous ; Tse-En Chang
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An oxide trap characterization technique by measuring a subthreshold current transient is developed. This technique consists of two alternating phases, an oxide charge detrapping phase and a subthreshold current measurement phase. An analytical model relating a subthreshold current transient to oxide charge tunnel detrapping is derived. By taking advantage of a large difference between interface trap and oxide trap time-constants, this transient technique allows the characterization of oxide traps separately in the presence of interface traps. Oxide traps created by three different stress methods, channel Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) stress, hot electron stress and hot hole stress, are characterized. By varying the gate bias in the detrapping phase and the drain bias in the measurement phase, the field dependence of oxide charge detrapping and the spatial distribution of oxide traps in the channel direction can be obtained. Our results show that 1) the subthreshold current transient follows a power-law time-dependence at a small charge detrapping field, 2) while the hot hole stress generated oxide traps have a largest density, their spatial distribution in the channel is narrowest as compared to the other two stresses, and 3) the hot hole stress created oxide charges exhibit a shortest effective detrapping time-constant

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 8 )