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Target discrimination in synthetic aperture radar using artificial neural networks

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3 Author(s)
Principe, J.C. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL, USA ; Munchurl Kim ; Fisher, J.W.

This paper addresses target discrimination in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery using linear and nonlinear adaptive networks. Neural networks are extensively used for pattern classification but here the goal is discrimination. We show that the two applications require different cost functions. We start by analyzing with a pattern recognition perspective the two-parameter constant false alarm rate (CFAR) detector which is widely utilized as a target detector in SAR. Then we generalize its principle to construct the quadratic gamma discriminator (QGD), a nonparametrically trained classifier based on local image intensity. The linear processing element of the QCD is further extended with nonlinearities yielding a multilayer perceptron (MLP) which we call the NL-QGD (nonlinear QGD). MLPs are normally trained based on the L2 norm. We experimentally show that the L2 norm is not recommended to train MLPs for discriminating targets in SAR. Inspired by the Neyman-Pearson criterion, we create a cost function based on a mixed norm to weight the false alarms and the missed detections differently. Mixed norms can easily be incorporated into the backpropagation algorithm, and lead to better performance. Several other norms (L8, cross-entropy) are applied to train the NL-QGD and all outperformed the L2 norm when validated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. The data sets are constructed from TABILS 24 ISAR targets embedded in 7 km2 of SAR imagery (MIT/LL mission 90)

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1998

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