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Near field multifocusing on antenna arrays via non-convex optimisation

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7 Author(s)
Álvarez, J. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Oviedo, Gijón, Spain ; Ayestarán, R.G. ; León, G. ; Herrán, L.F.
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An optimisation framework for near field multifocusing on antenna arrays is proposed. Its aim is to obtain the feeding weights that must be applied to the elements of the array so that the antenna focuses on two or more targets simultaneously. The method is based on the definition of a proper cost function, which is minimised using an optimisation algorithm over an equivalent least squares problem. The success of the technique is noted in the fact that different array parameters can be obtained: magnitude and phase of the array elements or only phase synthesis. In order to show the efficiency of the method, several tests are carried out using different arrays and optimisation parameters. The simulation, manufacture and measurement of an 8 × 8 planar array able to focus on two different targets is also performed. Results show how the framework can be applied to general arrays and demanding requirements, so it may be easily extended to different synthesis problems besides multifocusing.

Published in:

Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, IET  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 10 )