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Image processing for a scanning acoustic microscope that measures amplitude and phase

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2 Author(s)
Reinholdtsen, P.A. ; Edward L. Ginzton Lab., Stanford Univ., CA, USA ; Khuri-Yakub, B.T.

Several image-processing techniques for a low-frequency (3 to 10 MHz) scanning acoustic microscope (SAM) that measures amplitude and phase are described. This microscope is capable of measuring both the amplitude and phase of the reflected and transmitted signals, in contrast with most earlier implementations that only measure the amplitude. By measuring phase, the authors can carry out quantitative nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and image processing that cannot be done with amplitude or phase alone. The effective 2-D point spread function of the microscope is modified by spatial filtering of the digitized complex images. In various images, the transverse resolution is improved by about 20%, aberration of images of subsurface features is corrected, and surface features are numerically defocused. The last process is used to remove the obscuring effect of surface roughness from images of subsurface features.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 2 )