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Analysis of low-order autoregressive models for ultrasonic grain signal characterization

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3 Author(s)
T. Wang ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Illinois Inst. of Technol., Chicago, IL, USA ; J. Saniie ; X. Jin

When testing materials nondestructively with ultrasound, the grain scattering signal provides information that may be correlated to regional microstructure variation. Second and third-order autoregressive (AR) models are used to evaluate the spectral shift in grain signals by utilizing features such as resonating frequency, maximum energy frequency, or AR coefficients. Then, Euclidean distance, based on these features, is applied to classify grain scattering characteristics. Using both computer simulated data and experimental results, the probability of correct classification is found to be about 75% for the second-order AR model and 88% for the third-order AR model, when the conditions are such that the expected shift between the center frequency of echoes is less than 4%. This implies that, by increasing the order of the AR model, the frequency information extracted from the random signal is increased, which can result in obtaining a better classification.<>

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 2 )