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Optimal Energy Management for a Residential Microgrid Including a Vehicle-to-Grid System

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4 Author(s)
Lucı´a Igualada ; Group of Energy Economics, Catalonia Institute for Energy Research, Barcelona, Spain ; Cristina Corchero ; Miguel Cruz-Zambrano ; F. -Javier Heredia

An optimization model is proposed to manage a residential microgrid including a charging spot with a vehicle-to-grid system and renewable energy sources. In order to achieve a realistic and convenient management, we take into account: (1) the household load split into three different profiles depending on the characteristics of the elements considered; (2) a realistic approach to owner behavior by introducing the novel concept of range anxiety; (3) the vehicle battery management considering the mobility profile of the owner and (4) different domestic renewable energy sources. We consider the microgrid operated in grid-connected mode. The model is executed one-day-ahead and generates a schedule for all components of the microgrid. The results obtained show daily costs in the range of 2.82 C = to 3.33 C =; the proximity of these values to the actual energy costs for Spanish households validate the modeling. The experimental results of applying the designed managing strategies show daily costs savings of nearly 10%.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )