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Plug-and-Play Distributed Algorithms for Optimized Power Generation in a Microgrid

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4 Author(s)
Crisostomi, E. ; Dept. of Energy, Syst., Territory & Constructions Eng., Univ. of Pisa, Pisa, Italy ; Liu, M. ; Raugi, M. ; Shorten, R.

This paper introduces distributed algorithms that share the power generation task in an optimized fashion among the several Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) within a microgrid. We borrow certain concepts from communication network theory, namely Additive-Increase-Multiplicative-Decrease (AIMD) algorithms, which are known to be convenient in terms of communication requirements and network efficiency. We adapt the synchronized version of AIMD to minimize a cost utility function of interest in the framework of smart grids. We then implement the AIMD utility optimisation strategies in a realistic power network simulation in Matlab-OpenDSS environment, and we show that the performance is very close to the full-communication centralized case.

Published in:

Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )