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OFDM Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging With Sufficient Cyclic Prefix

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2 Author(s)
Tianxian Zhang ; Sch. of Electron. Eng., Univ. of Electron. Sci. & Technol. of China, Chengdu, China ; Xiang-Gen Xia

The existing linear-frequency-modulated (or step frequency) and random noise synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems may correspond to the frequency-hopping and direct-sequence spread spectrum systems in the past second- and third-generation wireless communications. Similar to the current and future wireless communications generations, in this paper, we propose the orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) SAR imaging, where a sufficient cyclic prefix (CP) is added to each OFDM pulse. The sufficient CP insertion converts an intersymbol interference (ISI) channel from multipaths into multiple ISI-free subchannels as the key in a wireless communications system, and analogously, it provides an inter-range-cell interference (IRCI)-free (high range resolution) SAR image in a SAR system. The sufficient CP insertion along with our newly proposed SAR imaging algorithm, particularly for the OFDM signals, also differentiates this paper from all the existing studies in the literature on OFDM radar signal processing. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the high-range-resolution performance of our proposed CP-based OFDM SAR imaging algorithm.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 1 )