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A high count rate position decoding and energy measuring method for nuclear cameras using Anger logic detectors

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3 Author(s)
Wai-Hoi Wong ; M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Texas Univ., Houston, TX, USA ; Hongdi Li ; Uribe, J.

A new method for processing signals from Anger position-sensitive detectors used in gamma cameras and PET is proposed for very high count-rate imaging where multiple-event pileups are the norm. This method is designed to sort out and recover every impinging event from multiple-event pileups while maximizing the collection of scintillation signal for every event to achieve optimal accuracy in the measurement of energy and position. For every detected event, this method cancels the remnant signals from previous events, and excludes the pileup of signals from following events. The remnant subtraction is exact even for multiple pileup events. A prototype circuit for energy recovery demonstrated that the maximum count rates can be increased by more than 10 times comparing to the pulse-shaping method, and the energy resolution is as good as pulse shaping (or fixed integration) at low count rates. At 2×106 events/sec on NaI(Tl), the true counts acquired with this method is 3.3 times more than the delay-line clipping method (256 ns clipping) due to events recovered from pileups. Pulse-height spectra up to 3.5×106 events/sec have been studied. Monte Carlo simulation studies have been performed for image-quality comparisons between different processing methods

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 3 )