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Improved optimisation method using genetic algorithms for mass transit signalling block-layout design

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2 Author(s)
C. S. Chang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; D. Du

The application of an improved optimisation technique to an existing block-layout design process is proposed for equi-block n-aspect (n⩾2) mass transit signalling systems. The approach is built upon previous published work by applying genetic algorithms (GA) in place of conventional gradient search methods. The genetic algorithms have been proven theoretically and empirically for providing multiple-point search, as well as robust and global convergence in complex search spaces. Such characteristics have enabled GAs to simplify the original approach and to broaden its scope for dealing with either changes of the objective function or changes of the signalling scheme. In the proposed formulation, a railway line between two stations is divided into three sections, namely: a constraint section, a stretchable section and a critical section. Since each of these sections is prescribed with a different headway design criterion, GA is applied separately to each section to optimise the layout of block joints and their positions within each section. Train performance simulation is then used to verify each optimised signalling design against the overall requirements of mass transit signalling systems operation. It is also used to calculate the objective function for each candidate solution as generated by GA. Comparative studies are presented to show improvements made by GAs over conventional optimisation techniques

Published in:

IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Applications  (Volume:145 ,  Issue: 3 )