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ILP/SMT-Based Method for Design of Boolean Networks Based on Singleton Attractors

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2 Author(s)
Kobayashi, K. ; K. Kobayashi is with the School of Information Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa, Japan, 923-1292. (E-mail: k-kobaya@jaist.ac.jp). ; Hiraishi, K.

Attractors in gene regulatory networks represent cell types or states of cells. In system biology and synthetic biology, it is important to generate gene regulatory networks with desired attractors. In this paper, we focus on a singleton attractor, which is also called a fixed point. Using a Boolean network (BN) model, we consider the problem of finding Boolean functions such that the system has desired singleton attractors and has no undesired singleton attractors. To solve this problem, we propose a matrix-based representation of BNs. Using this representation, the problem of finding Boolean functions can be rewritten as an ILP (Integer Linear Programming) problem and an SMT (Satisfiability Modulo Theories) problem. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the proposed method is shown by a numerical example on a WNT5A network, which is related to melanoma. The proposed method provides us a basic method for design of gene regulatory networks.

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Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:PP ,  Issue: 99 )

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