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An L-shaped array for estimating 2-D directions of wave arrival

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3 Author(s)
Hua, Y. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Melbourne Univ., Parkville, Vic., Australia ; Sarkar, T.K. ; Weiner, D.D.

A simple structured 2-D array, the L-shaped array, is presented. The L-shaped array consists of two uniform linear arrays (ULA) connected orthogonally at one end of each ULA. It is shown that the Cramer-Rao bounds (CRB) of the estimated wave directions based on the L-shaped array are about 37% smaller than those for the cross array. The CRB indicates the accuracy potential because it is the (reachable) lower bound on the variance of any unbiased estimate. An efficient maximum likelihood algorithm is developed utilizing the ULA structure inherent in the L-shaped array.<>

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 2 )