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Optimum gain control for A/D conversion using digitized I/Q data in quadrature sampling

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1 Author(s)
K. M. Cho ; Hughes Aircraft Co., Los Angeles, CA

Calculation of optimum gain for minimum distortion due to A/D (analog-to-digital) conversion requires the estimation of the input signal strength. To use a common AGC (automatic gain control) for both the I/Q (in-phase and quadrature) signals, it is efficient to estimate the input signal strength using the quantized A/D output from both channels. Assuming a Gaussian input, the relationship between σ of the input of the A/D converter and E(|x|+|y|) and E(max(|x|,|y|)+1/2 min (|x|,|y|)) for t quantized I/Q output x and y is derived. Numerical results obtained using the derived expression and the statistical data obtained through simulation show excellent agreement. It is concluded that, because of its simplicity, the cubic equation obtained by fitting the numerical results should be useful

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 1 )