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Fast fractal image block coding based on local variances

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2 Author(s)
C. K. Lee ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Polytech., Kowloon, Hong Kong ; W. K. Lee

In fractal image block coding, most of the time is spent on finding a close match between a range block and a large pool of domain blocks. For a large image, this effect becomes aggravated as the domain pool increases exponentially. We propose using the local variances of domain blocks to reduce the search space. By sorting the contracted domain pool according to their local variances and defining an acceptance criterion for a close match, we can confine all the potential close matches to a relatively small sized window to limit the search space. The encoding time can hence be shortened with the decoded image quality as good as that using the full search method. The speedup can be over ten times depending on the complexity of encoded images

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 6 )