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Optimal control of ankle joint moment: toward unsupported standing in paraplegia

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4 Author(s)
Hunt, K.J. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Glasgow Univ., UK ; Munih, M. ; Donaldson, N. ; Barr, F.M.D.

This paper considers part of the problem of how to provide unsupported standing for paraplegics by feedback control. In this work our overall objective is to stabilize the subject by stimulation only of his ankle joints while the other joints are braced. We investigate the problem of ankle joint moment control. The ankle plantarflexion muscles are first identified with pseudorandom binary sequence signals, periodic sinusoidal signals, and twitches. The muscle is modeled in Hammerstein form as a static recruitment nonlinearity followed by a linear transfer function. A linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG)-optimal controller design procedure for ankle joint moment was proposed based on the polynomial equation formulation. The approach was verified by experiments in the special Wobbler apparatus with a neurologically intact subject, and these experimental results are reported

Published in:

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 6 )