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On the POCS-based postprocessing technique to reduce the blocking artifacts in transform coded images

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3 Author(s)
Hoon Paek ; Samsung Electron., Kyungki, South Korea ; Rin-Chul Kim ; Sang-Uk Lee

We propose a novel postprocessing technique, based on the theory of projections onto convex sets (POCS), to reduce the blocking artifacts in transform coded images. It is assumed, in our approach, that the original image is highly correlated. Thus, the global frequency characteristics in two adjacent blocks are similar to the local ones in each block. We consider the high-frequency components in the global characteristics of a decoded image, which are not found in the local ones, as the results from the blocking artifact. We employ an N-point discrete cosine transform (DCT) to obtain the local characteristics, and a 2N-point DCT to obtain the global ones, and then derive the relation between the N-point and 2N-point DCT coefficients. A careful comparison of the N-point with the 2N-point DCT coefficients makes it possible to detect the undesired high-frequency components, mainly caused by the blocking artifact. Then, we propose novel convex sets and their projection operators in the DCT domain. The performance of the proposed and conventional techniques are compared on the still images, decoded by JPEG. The results show that, regardless of the content of the input images, the proposed technique yields significantly better performance than the conventional techniques in terms of objective quality, subjective quality, and convergence behavior

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )