Skip to Main Content
In wireless sensor networks the issue of preserving energy requires utmost attention. One primary way of conserving energy is judicious deployment of sensor nodes within the network area so that the energy flow remains balanced throughout the network and prevents the problem of occurrence of energy holes. Firstly, we have analyzed network lifetime, found node density as the parameter which has significant influence on network lifetime and derived the desired parameter values for balanced energy consumption. Then to meet the requirement of energy balancing, we have proposed a probability density function (PDF), derived the PDF's intrinsic characteristics and shown its suitability to model the network architecture considered for the work. A node deployment algorithm is also developed based on this PDF. Performance of the deployment scheme is evaluated in terms of coverage-connectivity, energy balance and network lifetime. In qualitative analysis, we have shown the extent to which our proposed PDF has been able to provide desired node density derived from the analysis on network lifetime. Finally, the scheme is compared with three existing deployment schemes based on various distributions. Simulation results confirm our scheme's supremacy over all the existing schemes in terms of all the three performance metrics.