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Spatial classification using fuzzy membership models

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2 Author(s)
Kent, J.T. ; Dept. of Stat., Leeds Univ., UK ; Mardia, K.V.

In the usual statistical approach to spatial classification, it is assumed that each pixel belongs to precisely one of a small number of known groups. This framework is extended to include mixed-pixel data; then, only a proportion of each pixel belongs to each group. Two models based on multivariate Gaussian random fields are proposed to model this fuzzy membership process. The problems of predicting the group membership and estimating the parameters are discussed. Some simulations are presented to study the properties of this approach, and an example is given using Landsat remote-sensing data.<>

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 5 )