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Characterizing three-dimensional surface structures from visual images

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1 Author(s)
Wang, Y.F. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA

A new technique for computing intrinsic surface properties is presented. Intrinsic surface properties are those properties of a surface that are not affected by the choice of the coordinate system, the position of the viewer relative to the surface, and the particular parametric representation used to describe the imaged surface. Since intrinsic properties are characteristics of a surface, they are ideal for the purposes of representation and recognition. The intrinsic properties of interest are the principal curvatures, the Gaussian curvatures, and the lines of curvature. It is proposed that a structured-light sensing configuration where a grid pattern is projected to encode the imaged surfaces for analysis be adopted. At each stripe junction, the curvatures of the projected stripes on the imaged surface are computed and related to those of the normal sections that share the same tangential directional as the projected curves. The principal curvatures and their directions at the stripe junction under consideration are then recovered using Euler's theorem. Results obtained using both synthetic and real images are presented

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 1 )