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SeeSite: Characterizing Relationships between Splice Junctions and Splicing Enhancers

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4 Author(s)
Lo, C. ; Comput. Sci. & Eng., Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA ; Kakaradov, B. ; Lokshtanov, D. ; Boucher, C.

RNA splicing is a cellular process driven by the interaction between numerous regulatory sequences and binding sites, however, such interactions have been primarily explored by laboratory methods since computational tools largely ignore the relationship between different splicing elements. Current computational methods identify either splice sites or other regulatory sequences, such as enhancers and silencers. We present a novel approach for characterizing co-occurring relationships between splice site motifs and splicing enhancers. Our approach relies on an efficient algorithm for approximately solving Consensus Sequence with Outliers , an NP-complete string clustering problem. In particular, we give an algorithm for this problem that outputs near-optimal solutions in polynomial time. To our knowledge, this is the first formulation and computational attempt for detecting co-occurring sequence elements in RNA sequence data. Further, we demonstrate that SeeSite is capable of showing that certain ESEs are preferentially associated with weaker splice sites, and that there exists a co-occurrence relationship with splice site motifs.

Published in:

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

July-Aug. 2014

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