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Compressed Sensing Analog Front-End for Bio-Sensor Applications

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6 Author(s)
Gangopadhyay, D. ; Marvell Semicond., Santa Clara, CA, USA ; Allstot, E.G. ; Dixon, A.M.R. ; Natarajan, K.
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In a conventional bio-sensor, key signal features are acquired using Nyquist-rate analog-to-digital conversion without exploiting the typical bio-signal characteristic of sparsity in some domain (e.g., time, frequency, etc.). Compressed sensing (CS) is a signal processing paradigm that exploits this sparsity for commensurate power savings by enabling alias-free sub-Nyquist acquisition. In a severely energy constrained sensor, CS also eliminates the need for digital signal processing (DSP). A fully-integrated low-power CS analog front-end (CS-AFE) is described for an electrocardiogram (ECG) sensor. Switched-capacitor circuits are used to achieve high accuracy and low power. Implemented in 0.13 μm CMOS in 2×3 mm2, the prototype comprises a 384-bit Fibonacci-Galois hybrid linear feedback shift register and 64 digitally-selectable CS channels with a 6-bit C-2C MDAC/integrator and a 10-bit C-2C SAR ADC in each. Clocked at 2 kHz, the total power dissipation is 28 nW and 1.8 μW for one and 64 active channels, respectively. CS-AFE enables compressive sampling of bio-signals that are sparse in an arbitrary domain.

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Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )