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Electric fields in HVDC paper-insulated cables

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2 Author(s)
Jeroense, M.J.P. ; High Voltage Lab., Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands ; Morshuis, P.H.F.

HVDC cables start playing a more and more important role in interconnecting national grids. This paper deals with the calculation of electric fields in HVDC cables. The calculation of fields in an HVDC cable is far more complex than the equivalent case in HV ac cables. This is due to the fact that the conductivity of the cable insulation is temperature and field dependent and due to the fact that the electric fields under dc voltage may be time-dependent. The field distribution in an HVDC cable may be of a capacitive, intermediate (and time-dependent) or resistive nature. The kind of field depends on the stage the cable finds itself in: for instance, whether the voltage has just been applied, whether a polarity reversal has occurred or whether the field distribution has become stable. For each stage, the method of calculating, together with the computed results on a real HVDC cable are discussed. Usually, the effect of heating of the insulation by the leakage current may be disregarded. However, in certain cases, i.e. the cable temperature and applied voltage are high enough, the field distribution is influenced by these insulation losses. They even may lead to an instability that causes breakdown of the cable. A cable in service may be subjected to impulses superimposed on the dc voltage. The most severe case is that of an impulse superimposed on a dc voltage of opposite polarity. The calculation of the field distribution in this situation also is carried out

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )