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Multi-Coset Sparse Imaging Arrays

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3 Author(s)
Krieger, J.D. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA ; Kochman, Y. ; Wornell, G.W.

We develop an efficient structured sparse antenna array architecture for coherent imaging of sparse but otherwise unknown scenes. In this architecture, the array elements are configured in a periodic nonuniform pattern that can be viewed as the superposition of multiple sparse uniform subarrays. For such structure, we develop an efficient pattern design procedure using co-array analysis, and we describe robust and efficient algorithms implementing the required associated array processing, which comprise scene support recovery, followed by image reconstruction. In addition, we develop a practical method for detecting reconstruction failures when the scene density exceeds the level for which the array was designed, so that false images are not produced. As a demonstration of its viability, the architecture is used to reconstruct a simulated natural scene.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 4 )