Skip to Main Content
We present here the design and characterization of an intermediate frequency (IF) assembly comprising a compact 90° hybrid chip (coupled line coupler - Lange coupler- coupled line coupler), two bias-T circuits for biasing the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers, and two transmission-line circuits. Specifically, the miniaturized three-section hybrid chip fabricated using thin-film technology utilizes superconducting Niobium (Nb) transmission lines, air bridges to connect the fingers of the Lange coupler (middle section), and is complemented with two bias-T circuits with integrated MIM capacitors. The assembly was designed to ensure amplitude and phase imbalances better than 0.6 dB and ±2°, respectively. Experimental verification of the assembly at 4 K shows good agreement between the measurements and simulations with amplitude imbalance of 0.5 dB and maximum phase imbalance of ±2°. The ALMA band-5 (163-211 GHz) receiver will include such assembly. The receiver tests shows sideband rejection ratio better than 15 dB over the entire RF band, i.e., a systematic improvement of 3-9 dB as compared with the previously reported results.