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GESPAR: Efficient Phase Retrieval of Sparse Signals

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3 Author(s)
Shechtman, Y. ; Dept. of Phys., Technion - Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa, Israel ; Beck, A. ; Eldar, Y.C.

We consider the problem of phase retrieval, namely, recovery of a signal from the magnitude of its Fourier transform, or of any other linear transform. Due to the loss of Fourier phase information, this problem is ill-posed. Therefore, prior information on the signal is needed in order to enable its recovery. In this work we consider the case in which the signal is known to be sparse, i.e., it consists of a small number of nonzero elements in an appropriate basis. We propose a fast local search method for recovering a sparse signal from measurements of its Fourier transform (or other linear transform) magnitude which we refer to as GESPAR: GrEedy Sparse PhAse Retrieval. Our algorithm does not require matrix lifting, unlike previous approaches, and therefore is potentially suitable for large scale problems such as images. Simulation results indicate that GESPAR is fast and more accurate than existing techniques in a variety of settings.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 4 )