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We have demonstrated a GaAs (311)B vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) with a threshold current as low as 250 /spl mu/A, which is the lowest value ever reported for that on non-(100) oriented substrates. Also, the fabricated VCSEL shows a stable polarization state for wide during current ranges and a large polarization-mode suppression ratio over 30 dB between the  and  axis modes at 5 mA. The electrical specific resistance of 1.2/spl times/10/sup -4/ /spl Omega//spl middot/cm/sup -2/ at the threshold was reasonably low due to carbon autodoping to AlAs in a p-type distributed Bragg reflector (DBR).
Date of Publication: May 1998