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Multiresolution scene-based video watermarking using perceptual models

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3 Author(s)
M. D. Swanson ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN, USA ; Bin Zhu ; A. H. Tewfik

We present a watermarking procedure to embed copyright protection into digital video. Our watermarking procedure is scene-based and video dependent. It directly exploits spatial masking, frequency masking, and temporal properties to embed an invisible and robust watermark. The watermark consists of static and dynamic temporal components that are generated from a temporal wavelet transform of the video scenes. The resulting wavelet coefficient frames are modified by a perceptually shaped pseudorandom sequence representing the author. The noise-like watermark is statistically undetectable to thwart unauthorized removal. Furthermore, the author representation resolves the deadlock problem. The multiresolution watermark may be detected on single frames without knowledge of the location of the frames in the video scene. We demonstrate the robustness of the watermarking procedure to several video degradations and distortions

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 4 )