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Radiation of an aperture antenna covered by a spherical-shell chiral radome and fed by a circular waveguide

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5 Author(s)
Le-Wei Li ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; Mook-Seng Leong ; Pang-Shyan Kooi ; Tat-Soon Yeo
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This paper presents a full-wave analysis of the radiation characteristics of an aperture antenna that is flush-mounted on a ground plane and fed by a circular waveguide supporting the dominant TE11 mode. The antenna is covered by a dielectric hemispherical chiral radome. Huygen's equivalence principle and the image theory are utilized to simplify the problem. The magnetic dyadic Green's function for the three-layered geometry is formulated and applied to analyze the radiated electromagnetic fields outside the chiral radome. Both the exact and approximate expressions of electric fields valid for the Fresnel and Fraunhofer zones are obtained using the spherical vector wave functions and their approximations in the far zone. Various chiral materials are assumed and computations of antenna parameters are carried out. The effects of the dielectric chiral radome on the radiation power patterns, sidelobe levels, and 3-dB beamwidths are also discussed numerically

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 5 )