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Analysis of noise reduction and dereverberation techniques based on microphone arrays with postfiltering

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3 Author(s)
Marro, C. ; France Telecom, CNET, Lannion, France ; Mahieux, Y. ; Simmer, K.U.

In teleconferencing systems, the use of hands-free sound pick-up reduces speech quality. This is due to ambient noise, acoustic echo, and the reverberation produced by the acoustical environment. This paper sets out to present a theoretical analysis of noise reduction and dereverberation algorithms based on a microphone array combined with a Wiener postfilter. It is shown that the transfer function of the postfilter depends on the input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and on the noise reduction yielded by the array. The use of a directivity-controlled array instead of a conventional beam-former is proposed to improve the performance of the whole system. Examples in real room environments are provided, which confirm the theoretical results, It is observed that the postfilter gives a limited reduction of the reverberation. On the contrary, an appreciable reduction of acoustic echo and localized noise is obtained and makes the whole system highly attractive for hands-free communication systems

Published in:

Speech and Audio Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

May 1998

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