By Topic

Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model for educational simulations

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
van Meurs, W.L. ; Dept. of Anesthesiology, Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL, USA ; Nikkelen, E. ; Good, M.L.

Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) models play an important role in educational simulations. The parameters of PK-PD models described in the scientific literature are obtained from studies in which the drug concentrations and the drug-effect data are measured simultaneously. Simultaneous PK-PD studies cannot be expected to incorporate all possible combinations of drugs and patient physiology that are desired for educational simulations. To solve this problem, the authors elaborate on the traditional simultaneous PK-PD model, creating a new model that accepts parameter data from different, more readily available, nonsimultaneous pharmacologic studies. These data are incorporated in the model using a novel estimation procedure for the parameters k e0 and EC 50. A sensitivity analysis of the parameter estimation procedure confirms that the time of peak effect following a bolus and the dose-response curve are accurately reflected by the new model. It also demonstrates how inconsistencies among the different parameter sets affect simulation of the recovery phase. The model is extended to incorporate any monotonic parametric or nonparametric dose-response curve. For the neuromuscular relaxant vecuronium, the authors demonstrate that data from different pharmacologic studies are available, and that the described estimation procedure leads to parameter estimates that are within the standard deviations of the parameters determined in a simultaneous PK-PD study.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )