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Effect of local retransmission at wireless access points on the round trip time estimation of TCP

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2 Author(s)
K. Ratnam ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA, USA ; I. Matta

The transmission control protocol (TCP) has been mainly designed assuming a relatively reliable wireline network. It is known to perform poorly in the presence of wireless links because of its basic assumption that any loss of a data segment is due to congestion and consequently it invokes congestion control measures. However, on wireless access links, a large number of segment losses will occur more often because of wireless link errors or host mobility. For this reason, many proposals have recently appeared to improve TCP performance in such environment. They usually rely on the wireless access points (base stations) to locally re-transmit the data in order to hide wireless losses from TCP. The authors use extensive simulations to evaluate TCP performance in the presence of congestion and wireless losses when the base station employs one of two proposals, namely Snoop and WTCP. The results show that WTCP significantly improves the throughput of TCP connections due to its unique feature of hiding the time spent by the base station to locally recover from wireless link errors so that TCP's round trip time estimation at the source is not affected. This proved to be critical since otherwise the ability of the source to effectively detect congestion in the fixed wireline network is hindered

Published in:

Simulation Symposium, 1998. Proceedings. 31st Annual

Date of Conference:

5-9 Apr 1998